Sunday, December 1, 2019
Table of Contents Methodology Survey Results and Analysis Supply of People Equipment Supply Venue Logistics Conclusions Reference List The Nescafe Champs Leysin is the oldest snowboard competition in Europe. The event currently takes place annually in the Swiss resort of Leysin. The first Nescafe Champs Leysin event took place in 1990. The three main areas of interest in the event are athletics, art, and music.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on Nescafe Champs Leysin Logistics and Supplies specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The athletes involved in the event compete for a monetary reward. Artists who come to the event develop unique artworks that give the event its unique atmosphere. The music in the event has become a signature trait of the Nescafe Champs Leysin especially because of the concert location named Ã¢â¬Å"Place to beÃ¢â¬ . The nature of the event calls for careful logistical planning to ensure that everything works. This paper assesses the logistical needs of the event required to make it a success. Methodology The primary method used to gather information pertaining to the logistical needs of the Nescafe Champs Leysin was a literature review. The literature reviewed provided insights into the logistical needs of the event. The event website was also invaluable in providing specific information relating to the event. In order to arrive at the conclusions provided in the last section, it was necessary to choose and consider various reports with information relating to event planning, logistics, and supply chain management. Survey Results and Analysis The three main components of the Nescafe Champs Leysin event include snowboarding, music and art. These three categories informed the structural layout of the report. Each of these three activities presents a different set of logistical challenges. The challenges fall into three categories namely, the supply of people, equipment s upply, and logistics at the venue of the event. Supply of People For the event to be successful, it is necessary to transport and accommodate a large number of people. The people in question include the event participants and the audience. In addition, many people provide technical support for the event. They include medical doctors, coaches, and security personnel.Advertising Looking for report on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The four main areas of concern when it comes to the logistical challenges of moving people to Leysin include marketing, ticketing, queuing, and transport. The marketing of the Nescafe Champs Leysin involves finding ways of attracting and retaining the attention of participants and the audience. This involves finding people interested in snowboarding competitions and ensuring that they make a commitment to take part in the event. In addition to the competitors, the marketing of the event also aims at attracting musicians and artists to the event. The other part of the mobilization exercise involves finding an audience for the event. The function of marketing in this sense is to raise awareness and to convince participants to engage with the process. Ticketing is a very important element of the event. Ticketing is one of the primary methods that the event organizers use to raise finances to run the event. The options available to them for ticketing include the sale of online tickets and sale of tickets at the gate. Online ticketing is very attractive for an event of this nature because it reduces the logistical challenges associated with handling money. When the spectators use the electronic ticketing solutions to buy their tickets, the organizers save on the cost of sending money to the bank. In addition, it eliminates the security issues related to the transfer of physical money. At the same time, electronic ticketing reduces the number of people in queues a t the entry points trying to buy tickets. Verification is the only activity that takes place at the gate for the people holding electronic tickets. No time goes to the exchange of money, leading to quick movement of the queues. Queuing is a challenging logistical task in every major event. People queue to access the event sites. Queuing is also necessary to ensure that every person entering the venue goes through security checks. In addition, the queues are necessary to facilitate ticketing and the verification of electronic tickets.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on Nescafe Champs Leysin Logistics and Supplies specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The logistical challenge associated with queues is that people tend to become very impatient if the queues are long or if they are not moving at a reasonable pace. This means that it is necessary to find ways of reducing queuing time either by increasing the service points or ensuring the existing points work as efficiently as possible. Transport is easily the most complicated logistical issue relating to the Nescafe Champs Leysin. Transport issues include human transport, and the transport of supplies and equipment. Mass transport to the remote resort of Leysin requires careful planning because there is no dedicated transport service to the resort that can handle the number of people who attend the Nescafe Champs Leysin. Apart from the transport of people, there is also a serious logistical challenge of ensuring that once the people are at the resort, they have access to supplies. What complicates this part of planning is that the event brings together people from different parts of the world. The sheer number of brands that the planners need to cater for the needs of all the people is overwhelming. Equipment Supply Equipment supply to the Nescafe Champs Leysin includes the transportation of all the equipment for use by the athletes, musicians, and a udience. As already indicated, transporting people and supplies to the venue is a logistical challenge requiring careful planning. In the same way, it is necessary to plan carefully on how to carry all the equipment that the organizers and participants need to run the event. Just as transport requires careful planning, accommodation is also vital in the event. The large number of people visiting Leysin in a short period makes it necessary to plan on how to accommodate them. The organizers have several on-site and off-site options for accommodation. For this reason, it is necessary to ensure that all participants and spectators finalize their accommodation plans before they arrive at Leysin. Apart from the transport of people, there is also the logistical challenge of ensuring that once the masses are at the resort, they have access to supplies. What complicates this part of planning is that the event brings together people from different regions of the world. The sheer number of bra nds that the planners need to cater for the needs of all the people is overwhelming. Venue Logistics Once people arrive at the venue, they present an ongoing logistical challenge associated with crowd control. Depending on the time of the day, people tend to crowd at certain venues. For instance, the concert venue is always filled to capacity during the concert, and is always empty at any other time. This means that crowd control must follow the patterns of the movement of people.Advertising Looking for report on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The management of equipment at the venue is also a logistical challenge at any time. Usually, the participants come with their own snowboards based on the specifications given by the event organizers. It is common to find participants who have misplaced their boards. Similarly, it is important to ensure that all the music equipment is on site and in good condition at all times. The final aspect of venue logistics is planning for security and emergencies. The recent bombing in Boston during the 2013 Boston marathon is a reminder that sports events are prime targets for terrorism. In this sense, the organizers must ensure that the venue remains secure. At the same time, security concerns usually emerge as soon as many people gather in one place. The police must keep an eye on the people at all times. Conclusions In order to handle the logistics associated with the Nescafe Champs Leysin, the following issues need to be considered. First, there is need to consider ways of reducing obstr uctions to the flow of people. For instance, the ticketing and verification system can run using Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technologies to eliminate the need to check each ticket physically. Secondly, planning for the transport of people to the venue would work best if there were contracts with local bus and tour companies to transport people to the venue. Thirdly, the organizers should work with a local retail chain to open a mobile supermarket within the venue. This will ensure that the planners do not worry about supplies. Reference List Bernoff, J Li, C 2008, Ã¢â¬ËHarnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social WebÃ¢â¬â¢, MIT Sloan Management Review, vol 29, no. 3, pp. 35-42. Button, K 2010, Transport Economics, Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK. Dalic, T 2007, Globalisation of Marketing Strategies in Light of Segmentation and Cultural Diversity, GRIN Verlag, Norderstedt. Daughtry, TC Casselman, GL 2009, Executing Strategy: From Boardroom to Frontline, Capital B ooks, Herndon, VI. Flannes, S Levin, G 2005, Essential People Skills for Project Managers, Management Concepts, Vienna, VA. Haddon, L 2004, Information and Communication Technologies in Everyday Life: A Concise Introduction and Research Guide, Berg, New York, NY. Holmes, D 2005, Communication Theory: Media, Technology, and Society, SAGE, London, UK. Holt, DB 2002, Ã¢â¬ËWhy Do Brands Cause Trouble? A Dialectical Theory of Consumer Culture and BrandingÃ¢â¬â¢, Journal of Consumer Research, vol 29, no. 1, pp. 70-90. Iliescu, DC 2008, Ã¢â¬ËCustomer Based Time-to-Event Models for Cancellation Behaviour: A Revenue Management Intergrated ApproachÃ¢â¬â¢, Dissertation, Georgia Institute of Technology, ProQuest, Gorgia. Kerzner, H 2009, Project Management: A Systems Approach to Planning, Scheduling and Controlling, 10th edn, John Wiley and Sons, Hoboken, NJ. Kopezak, L Lee, H 1994, Ã¢â¬ËCoordinated Product and Supply Chain DesignÃ¢â¬â¢, Case Study, pp. 331-404. NCL 2013, History: The Nescafe Champs Leysin. Web. Rosner, S Shropshire, KL 2011, The Business of Sports, Jones Bartlett Publishers, London. Thomas, A 2011, Strategies for Branding Success, eBooklt.com, New York. Weichmann, D 2009, The Impact of Online Music Services on the Music Recording Industry: Opportunities and Challenges, GRIN Verlag, Berlin. This report on Nescafe Champs Leysin Logistics and Supplies was written and submitted by user Sidney Frederick to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Tuesday, November 26, 2019
About the Speaker of the House of Representatives The position of Speaker of the House of Representatives is created in Article I, Section 2, Clause 5 of the U.S. Constitution. It states the House of Representatives shall choose their Speaker and other Officers... Key Takeaways: Speaker of the House The Speaker of the House is designated by Article I, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution as the highest-ranking member of the House of Representatives.The Speaker of the House is second in the line of presidential succession, after the Vice President.The election for Speaker of the House takes place at the beginning of each new congressional session.While the Speaker is designated as the presiding officer of the House, this day-to-day duty is usually assigned to another representative.The 2019 annual salary of the Speaker of the House is $223,500, compared to $174,000 for rank-and-file Representatives. How the Speaker Is Chosen As the highest-ranking member of the House, the Speaker is elected by a vote of the members of the House. While it is not required, the Speaker usually belongs to the majority political party. The Constitution does not require that the Speaker be an elected member of Congress. However, no non-member has ever been elected Speaker. As required by the Constitution, the Speaker is elected by a roll call vote held on the first day of every new session of Congress, which begins in January following the November midterm election thats held every two years. The Speaker is elected to a two-year term.Ã Typically, both the Democrats and the Republicans nominate their own candidates for Speaker. Roll call votes to select the Speaker are held repeatedly until one candidate receives a majority of all votes cast. Along with the title and duties, the Speaker of the House continues to serve as the elected representative from his or her congressional district.Ã Speaker of the House, the Role, Duties, and Powers Typically the head of the majority party in the House, the Speaker outranks the Majority Leader. The salary of the Speaker is also higher than that of the Majority and Minority Leaders in both the House and Senate. The Speaker rarely presides over regular meetings of the full House. Instead, they delegate the role to another representative. The Speaker does, however, typically preside over special joint sessions of Congress in which the House hosts the Senate. The Speaker of the House serves as the presiding officer of the House. In this capacity, the Speaker: Calls meetings of the House to orderAdministers the oath of office to new membersEnsures that order and decorum are maintained on the floor of the House and in the visitor galleriesMakes rulings on disputed House procedures and parliamentary issues As any other Representative, the Speaker may take part in debates and vote on legislation, but traditionally does so only in exceptional circumstances - such as when his or her vote could decide very important issues (like resolutions declaring war or amending the Constitution). The Speaker of the House also: Appoints the chairpersons and members of standing House committees and select and special committeesAppoints a majority of members to the important House Rules CommitteeExerts power over the legislative process by setting the House legislative calendar determining when bills will be debated and voted onOften utilizes this power to help fulfill his or her responsibility of making sure bills supported by the majority party are passed by the HouseServes as chair of the majority partys House steering committee Perhaps most clearly indicating the importance of the position, the Speaker of the House stands second only to the Vice President of the United States in the line of presidential succession. The first Speaker of the House was Frederick Muhlenberg of Pennsylvania, elected during the first session of Congress in 1789.Ã The longest-serving and perhaps most influential Speaker in history was Texas Democrat Sam Rayburn, who served as Speaker from 1940 to 1947, 1949 to 1953, and 1955 to 1961. Working closely with House committees and members from both parties, Speaker Rayburn ensured the passage of several controversial domestic policies and foreign aid bills backed by Presidents Franklin Roosevelt and Harry Truman. The 2019 annual salary of the Speaker of the House is $223,500, compared to $174,000 for rank-and-file Representatives. Source The Constitution of the United States of America. Constitution Center.
Saturday, November 23, 2019
4 Reasons Why Trees Drop Nuts Early Sometimes nut-bearing trees, such as hickory, walnut, and pecan, drop their fruit before full maturity. At times, it can be a natural shedding of a portion of the nut crop. Other causes can be more problematic, including adverse weather conditions, poor tree health, inadequateÃ pollination, insects, and disease. How Nut Trees Set Fruit Most nut-bearing trees have male pollinators and female flowers, both called catkins. Female flowers produce nuts during the current seasons growth and have to survive through that years growth before the crop of nuts is set. Not all flowers on a tree will produce a nut each year; in fact, they may alternate years.Ã There can be several natural nut drops between mid-Mays pollination through the end of Augusts fruit set, and they can be minimized by proper tree fertilization. For example, if a tree wasnt adequately pollinated or didnt have enough potassium to set good fruit, there will be nuts that may be malformed with few seeds inside (fruits on the tree grow but embryos inside dont develop). The tree will drop this fruit early because its not biologically sufficient for the trees reproduction. The tree will concentrate its energy on growing fruits that are going to set good seeds. A Trees Physical Condition Poor tree health can cause premature dropping of nuts. A trees health is often compromised because of inadequate nutrient uptake, which is most evident during drought. Insect and disease infestations increase during these times of tree stress and can further degrade a trees condition, especially if trees are growing in poor soil. Any early defoliation will cause nut drop and low-quality fruit. Water and fertilize your tree adequately to make sure it has the proper nutrients to set and grow its fruits. Weather Influence on a Trees Nut Crop Excessive rain or frost during late spring/early summer pollination will cause inadequate pollination of female flowers. Those poorly-pollinated flowers may produce a nut that will drop early or produce no nut at all. Sometimes, male pollen can mature either before or after the female flower is receptive, and this condition is usually weather-related. An extended drought during nut growth may also result in the dropping of tree nuts, particularly if the plant is in sandy soil that dries out quickly. Thats a resource competition drop, or a so-called June drop, as the tree is concentrating its energy on the number of nuts it can support.Ã Mechanical injury to leaves, flowers, and nuts from hail and wind may cause premature dropping as well. Insects and Diseases of Nut Trees Early pecan scab infection of young nuts will cause nuts to drop and is a major cause of pecan crop failure. Black walnut is highly vulnerable to anthracnose, and the disease is of much concern in commercial orchards. Leaf diseases in nut trees such as scab, scorch, mildew, blotch, brown spot, and downy or vein spot may also cause nut shedding. The pecan nut casebearer probably causes more nut shedding than all other insects combined in pecan orchards. Codling moth causes significant premature nut drop in black walnut groves. Other insects, such as black aphids, walnut caterpillar, shuckworms, stink bugs, and pecan weevils may cause early nut dropping. Avoid using pesticides during flowering, as chemicals can kill beneficial insects and result in inadequate pollination.
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Law in Relation to the Identification Procedure - Essay Example Amongst the suspects is Barry, who has a bad stutter. The custody officer informs Barry of his right to see a solicitor but he initially refuses saying, Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢ve done nothing wrong. Why would I need a Brief?Ã¢â¬ At a police identification parade, Alan picks out Barry on the basis of his Ã¢â¬Å"bulging eyesÃ¢â¬ . Alan does not ask to have the persons in the line-up speak. Barry is 5 feet 5 inches tall. All of the other persons in the line-up are 5 feet 9 inches or taller. Later, at a police interview, Barry refuses to answer any questions and repeatedly states: Ã¢â¬Å"This is a fit up Ã¢â¬â you canÃ¢â¬â¢t prove anythingÃ¢â¬ . Frustrated with BarryÃ¢â¬â¢s stubborn refusal to admit his involvement, the police decide to plant a listening device connected to a tape recorder in BarryÃ¢â¬â¢s cell in the custody suite, and put an undercover police officer, Colin, in the same cell as Barry. Colin asks what BarryÃ¢â¬â¢s in for. Barry replies, Ã¢â¬Å"Robbery. TheyÃ¢â¬â¢ll never prove it though if I keep my mouth shut. TheyÃ¢â¬â¢ve already messed up the identification parade.Ã¢â¬ Eleanor alleges that Dean had invited her to sleep on the floor of his room, to save her from walking h ome in the dark. She claims that at 3.00 a.m. she awoke to find Dean molesting her. She says she tried to push him away but he hit her and carried out the alleged offense. She says that she waited until he had fallen asleep and then escaped. She first complained of the rape to her friend, Flora, six hours later. Flora had come into EleanorÃ¢â¬â¢s room saying: Ã¢â¬Å"Where were you last night? Gareth was looking for you. He says heÃ¢â¬â¢s going to finish with you if youÃ¢â¬â¢ve been out with other men.Ã¢â¬ Gareth is EleanorÃ¢â¬â¢s boyfriend. She then described the alleged rape to Flora, who says she observed her tear-stained face on which there was slight bruising.
Tuesday, November 19, 2019
On Declaration of Independence of Thomas Jefferson and Elizabeth Cady Stanton Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions and Stefanie Coontz Too Close for Comfort - Essay Example , was marred by injustices and oppression against different groups who denied equal treatment in matters concerning, taxes, property ownership, and professional development. After Thomas Jefferson wrote the declaration of independence, Americans took over their country form the British and set out to govern themselves with a predefined set of democratic principles as established in the declaration and constitution. Nonetheless, several groups, especially women remained disenfranchised of their rights with the constitution guarantees for Ã¢â¬Å"all menÃ¢â¬ . Like many works written before it and after it, the declaration was written in masculine pronoun and as such assuming that women cannot be party to the contents, possibly since they are considered subordinate to men. As a reaction to the American treatment of women, Elizabeth Cady Stanton drafted her own version of the declaration of independence. She did this deliberately in the format of JeffersonÃ¢â¬â¢s declaration with the intention of attracting the attention of the American public. She was cognizant of the fact that, AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s historical situation had paradigmatically changed and several of the assumptions under which the declaration existed in were not applicable or acceptable to latter day women. This paper examines the two declarations by contrasting and comparing, in order to understand Elizabeth StantonÃ¢â¬â¢s motiva tion for writing and the way it highlighted the inequalities that were tolerated in the declaration of independence. In her declaration, Stanton revisits the landmark lines in the declaration of independence Ã¢â¬Å"we hold that all men are equalÃ¢â¬ and rewrites the words in to Ã¢â¬Å"we hold that all men and women are equalÃ¢â¬ (1776). As afore mentioned, the declaration of independence was addressed to the British king who had kept America under his dominance for tens of years, however, the declaration of sentiment was directed to the male oppressors and hence the Ã¢â¬Å"HeÃ¢â¬ used therein is in reference to
Sunday, November 17, 2019
The Man of the House Essay The Man of the House The book AngelaÃ¢â¬â¢s Ashes by Frank McCourt is about a young man that retells his childhood, when he and his family move from America to Ireland. Throughout the book the three main characters are Angela Mc Court (FrankÃ¢â¬â¢s mother), Malachy Mc Court (FrankÃ¢â¬â¢s father), and himself. All three of the characters play a very important role in the book, and they also affect each other. The most complex character of the book is Frank. Frank is not only the protagonist of this book, but he is also able to express all of his feelings in all the situations he goes through, throughout this book. Frank is the most variegated character in this book. He is the one that has to deal with not only his problems but everyone elseÃ¢â¬â¢s. As the book continues the protagonist, Frank is growing up to be a man by himself (324). Usually boys have fathers that help them grow up into mature men, but Frank never was able to have that. His father was out drinking, not worrying what was going to happen with his family, and being irresponsible and selfish, which is what happens to a person when they have an addiction. When his father abandons the family, the weight is then put on Frank to take care of his siblings and mother. He is then put in the spot of Ã¢â¬Å"the man of the houseÃ¢â¬ . Frank doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t mind getting a job at all, in fact he rather get a job then get an education (261). He likes the idea of working because when you work you see the result right away, which is money, but when getting an education your reward is more long term than short term. He sees this as a responsibility, but he also looks forward to being a man, and bringing home the wages his father was never able to do (265). Frank goes through this struggle throughout the book, becoming a man without his father, but he also has a hard time with his religion. Frankie, at this point, goes back and forth with Catholicism. His whole family is catholic and he believes in God, but there has been so many times where the Catholic Church has shut the doors on him. All of the experiences that Frank has had with the church do not make him think of his Irish religion as a positive thing. Frank mentions that when he is out being the messenger boy the poor people of Limerick are the ones who will tip him exceptionally well, the wealthy people on the other hand, the nuns, and the priests do not tip at all (315). MentionedÃ throughout the book are the sins that Frank makes, all of the sins he makes guilt him, and they just get worse as the time goes on. Frank, as any other protagonist, goes through a long journey that makes him the man that he grows into by the end of the book. He goes through many obstacles, which is why I think he is the most complex character. Frankie makes the most progress, he has a goal that he makes early in the book, and that is to go back to America, which he later on succeeds at doing. He keeps determination that comes from within, but from also people around him that believe in him and what he is capable of doing.
Thursday, November 14, 2019
There are many different types of control that can be established in an organization depending on its goals and objectives. There are many different approaches to the management controlling function. Some of these control systems are bureaucratic control, market control and clan control. All of these control systems focuses on a different part of the business depend ending the necessities of the organization in that moment. All of the control systems have their advantages and disadvantages. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The controlling function is defined as any process that directs the activities of individuals toward the achievement of organizational goals*. The controlling function is the one that set the game rules. This function set the organizational standards rules and norms. The controlling function works hand to hand with the planning function because the controls are the ones that ensure that the plans are fulfilled. The established controls must go in coherence with the plans because the success of each will depend on the other. The control function not only control the personnel it also control things as , budget, organizational resources, machinery, materials or components, physical structure and more. The control process must set performance standards, measure performance, compare performance with the standards; and take corrective action if needed in order to be effective Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã One of the most used control systems is the bureaucratic control system. The bureaucratic control system Bureaucratic control is defined as the use of rules, regulations, and formal authority to guide performance*. The bureaucratic control system is a very rigid and formal one. This system establishes a well defined set of rules and procedures in order to achieve the organizational goals and objectives. This system is based on hierarchy were roles and authority has been well defined. This control system involves personnel close monitoring, supervision and direction of subordinates by superiors. The bureaucratic control different uses tools as budget as a control device, management audits, external audits, and internal audits. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The market control system is based on the use of pricing mechanisms and economic information to regulate activities within organizations*. This control system is based in external factors that affects an organization rather than the internal factors. Ã ... ...n reaction of the implementation of this system. This tactical behavior is defined as the beating the system behavior. This can be harmful to an organization because employees can start to report false information. This will have bad consequences to the organization because it will provide wrong information for the forecasting and planning of future organizational goals and objectives. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Controlling can also produce a resistance to control reaction because Control systems usually uncover mistakes, threaten peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s job security and status, and decrease peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s autonomy it can also change the organizational structures and the authority chain of command. It can also disrupt the social relations of a group. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In order to develop a system functional system for an organization the best decision is to make a hybrid one. Not only taking the organizational objectives in consideration but also taking in consideration the employees and the external and internal factors that affects all of the organization. References Bateman-Snell: Management: The NewCompetitive Landscape,Sixth Edition chapter 16 James Higgins, The Management Challenge, Second Edition, Macmillan, 1994